The artistic style of the Pre-Raphaelites began with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in 1848. The Brotherhood wanted to bring emotion, vibrancy, nature, and detail back to art. They were interested in serious subjects from religion to social issues and wanted to portray it with maximum realism. But they also drew inspiration from literature, poetry, love and the female body.

The Brotherhood admired the flat areas of brilliant colors used by painters before the Italian Renaissance. They used a wet white ground technique to replicate these brilliant colors they eventually became known for. A great example of this technique can be seen in the painting Mariana by John Everett Millais, one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

Mariana (1851) by John Everett Millais

The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood didn’t last long. However, their work and ideals went on to influence generations of artists. Here are our top 11 paintings from the late 1800s to early 1900s from artists influenced by the ideals of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood… 

The Lady of Shalott (1888) by John William Waterhouse
Jason and Medea (1907) by John William Waterhouse
The Crystal Ball (1902) by John William Waterhouse
Flaming June (1895) by Frederic Lord Leighton
Helen of Troy (1898) by Evelyn de Morgan
Laus Veneris (1873 – 1875) by Edward Burne-Jones
Greek Girls Picking Up Pebbles (1871) by Frederic Leighton
Invocation by Frederic Leighton
Light of the Harem (1880) by Frederic Leighton
Lady Godiva (1898) by John Collier
The Sleeping Beauty (1921) by John Collier

For more art and information on the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, click here.

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